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T.R.'s love of Nature

    Theodore Roosevelt

      "There can be no greater issue than that of conservation in this country."

       - Confession of Faith Speech, Progressive National Convention, Chicago, IL, August 6, 1912

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     CONSERVATION LEGACY

     4 National Game Preserves

     5 National Parks

     7 Conservation Conferences

     18 National Monuments

     24 Reclamation Projects

     51 Federal Bird Reservations

     150 National Forests

     230 Million total acres set aside for the enjoyment of all

Books about T.R.'s
passion for Nature

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Theodore Roosevelt : Naturalist and Conservationist Pictures


Theodore Roosevelt's Philosophy of Conservation


"Conservation means development as much as it does protection. I recognize the right and duty of this generation to develop and use the natural resources of our land but I do not recognize the right to waste them, or to rob, by wasteful use, the generations that come after us... Moreover, I believe that the natural resources must be used for the benefit of all our people, and not monopolized for the benefit of the few... Of all the questions which can come before this nation, short of the actual preservation of its existence in a great war, there is none which compares in importance with the great central task of leaving this land even a better land for our descendants than it is for us, and training them into a better race to inhabit the land and pass it on. Conservation is a great moral issue, for it involves the patriotic duty of insuring the safety and continuance of the nation."
                                                                        - Speech at Osawatomie, Kansas, on August 31, 1910


  Champion of Conservation


"Optimism is a good characteristic, but if carried to an excess, it becomes foolishness. We are prone to speak of the resources of this country as inexhaustible; this is not so."
- Seventh Annual Message to Congress
  December 3, 1907




"The movement for the conservation of wild life and the larger movement for the conservation of all our natural resources are essentially democratic in spirit, purpose, and method."
- A Book-Lover's Holidays in the Open, 1916
















































NATIONAL PARKS

"All the great natural resources which are vital to the welfare of the whole people
  should be kept either in the hands or under the control of the whole people."

                    - Theodore Roosevelt, published in the magazine The Outlook on April 20, 1912.


Crater Lake
Oregon

May 22, 1902
Congressional Bill PDF

Wind Cave
South Dakota

January 9, 1903
Congressional Bill PDF

Sully's Hill
North Dakota

June 2, 1904

Platt National Park
Oklahoma

June 29, 1906

Mesa Verde
Colorado

June 29, 1906
Congressional Bill PDF

NATIONAL MONUMENTS

"In the Grand Canyon, Arizona has a natural wonder which, so far as I know, is in kind absolutely unparalleled throughout the rest of the world. Keep this great wonder of nature as it is. You can not improve it. The ages have been at work on it, and man can only mar it."

                    - Theodore Roosevelt, impromptu speech at Grand Canyon on May 6, 1903.




Devil's Tower
Wyoming

September 24, 1906
Proclamation PDF

El Morro
New Mexico

December 8, 1906
Proclamation PDF

Montezuma Castle
Arizona

December 8, 1906
Proclamation PDF

Petrified Forest
Arizona

December 8, 1906
(now part of National Park)
Proclamation PDF

Chaco Canyon
New Mexico

March 11, 1907
Proclamation PDF

Cinder Cone
California

May 6, 1907
(currently part of Lassen Volcanic National Park)
Proclamation PDF

Lassen Peak
California

May 6, 1907
(currently part of Lassen Volcanic National Park)
Proclamation PDF

Gila Cliff Dwellings
New Mexico

November 16, 1907
Proclamation PDF

Tonto
Arizona

December 19, 1907
Proclamation PDF

Muir Woods
California

January 9, 1908
Proclamation PDF

Grand Canyon
Arizona

January 11, 1908
(currently part of National Park)
Proclamation PDF

Pinnacles
California

January 16, 1908
Proclamation PDF

Jewel Cave
South Dakota

February 7, 1908
Proclamation PDF

Natural Bridges
Utah

April 16, 1908
Proclamation PDF

Lewis and Clark Cavern
Montana

May 11, 1908
(currently part of Montana State Parks)
Proclamation PDF

Tumacacori
Arizona

September 15, 1908
Proclamation PDF
Wheeler
Colorado
December 7, 1908
ABOLISHED 1950
(part of National Forest System)

Proclamation PDF

Mount Olympus
Washington

March 2, 1909
Proclamation PDF


NATIONAL GAME PRESERVES

"This country will not be a permanently good place for any of us to live in unless we
  make it a reasonably good place for all of us to live in."

                    - Theodore Roosevelt, speech at Chicago, IL, June 17, 1912.


Wichita Game Preserve
Oklahoma
June 2, 1905

(land added May 29, 1906)

Grand Canyon
Game Preserve
June 29, 1906

Congressional Bill PDF

Fire Island Game Preserve
Alaska
February 27, 1909

National Bison Range
Montana
March 4, 1909

FEDERAL BIRD RESERVATIONS

51 Federal Bird Reservations were created by Theodore Roosevelt
Download PDF of the list of bird reservations
For additional information, please visit the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Read about the history of Pelican Island


Read Theodore Roosevelt's several papers about birds and ornithology:
1877 - The Summer Birds of the Adirondacks in Franklin County, New York
1879 - Notes on Some of the Birds of Oyster Bay, New York
1908 - Notes on Some Birds on the grounds of The White House, Washington, D.C.
1910 - English Songbirds
1911 - Revealing and Concealing Coloration in Birds and Mammals
Abridged Version
Full Version from the American Natural History Museum Journal (118 pages)
1916 - The Bird Refuges of Louisiana, Scribner's Magazine


Complete list of Roosevelt's Bird Specimens at The Smithsonian Institution
(list courtesy of Smithsonian Institution; please contact the Division of Birds directly concerning use of the data)


NATIONAL FORESTS

150 National Forests were created by Theodore Roosevelt
Sorted by Date Created
Sorted by State


RECLAMATION PROJECTS

24 Reclamation Projects were created by Theodore Roosevelt
Download PDF of the projects
For additional information, please visit the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation


CONSERVATION CONFERENCES

7 Conservation Conferences were hosted by Theodore Roosevelt
Download PDF describing the conferences
T.R.'s speech at the opening session of May 13, 1908 conference
Report of the National Conservation Conference Vol. 1 Vol. 2 Vol. 3
Report of the North American Conservation Commission


SPEECHES REGARDING NATIONAL PARKS & MONUMENTS

Yellowstone National Park Gateway; April, 24, 1903 "... a veritable wonderland..."
Grand Canyon; May 6, 1903, "... leave it as it is... man can only mar it..."

           T.R. on Birds

"Birds should be saved for utilitarian reasons; and, moreover, they should be saved because of reasons unconnected with dollars and cents. A grove of giant redwoods or sequoias should be kept just as we keep a great and beautiful cathedral. The extermination of the passenger-pigeon meant that mankind was just so much poorer.... And to lose the chance to see frigate-birds soaring in circles above the storm, or a file of pelicans winging their way homeward across the crimson afterglow of the sunset, or a myriad of terns flashing in the bright light of midday as they hover in a shifting maze above the beach-why, the loss is like the loss of a gallery of the masterpieces of the artists of old time."

- A Book-Lover's Holidays in the Open (1916).